Laravel Microservices: A Complete Guide

March 04,2024

Microservices architecture is gaining a massive reputation for building scalable and maintainable programs. Laravel, one of the most popular PHP frameworks, also provides great support for creating microservices· In this blog, we will dive deep into Laravel microservices, their structure, advantages, and how to create them·

What are Microservices?

Microservices, also known as microservices architecture, is an architectural technique in which an application is developed as a group of small, independent, and loosely connected offerings. Each microservice specializes in completing a chosen mission and communicates with other offerings using a nicely defined interface such as REST APIs.

Some key characteristics of microservices:

  • Highly maintainable and testable
  • Loosely coupled
  • Independently deployable
  • Organized around business capabilities
  • Owned by small teams

What Are Laravel Microservices

aravel Microservices are the architectural method of programming using the Laravel PHP framework as a collection of small, independently deployable, and scalable services. In this technique, large monolithic software is broken down into more than one smaller modular offering, where each provider focuses on a specific capability or commercial business function.

The Laravel microservices examples have their own database and business logic written in Laravel and communicate with each other through lightweight APIs, usually REST or RPC-style APIs.

Laravel Microserrvices Examples

Laravel microservices architecture proves to be useful in constructing microservices efficiently.

Here are some common Laravel microservices examples:

  • Authentication Service - A standalone microservice Laravel for user authentication using APIs. Enables decoupling from the main app.
  • Payments Service - An independent payments and billing service built with Laravel and leveraging APIs.
  • Notifications Service - Microsrervices Laravel for sending notifications like emails, SMS, and push using a queue.
  • User Management Service - Handles user management functions like registration and profile updates via APIs.
  • Catalog Service - Manages product catalog data and inventory for an ecommerce site.
  • Order Management Service - Laravel service to handle order booking, tracking, and fulfillment.
  • Chat Service - Real-time chat/messaging service built as Laravel microservice using web sockets.
  • Reporting Service - Microservice to generate reports for analytics and business intelligence.

By decomposing a monolith app into focused services like these, teams can work independently and scale/optimize each service as needed.

Laravel Microservices Architecture

Laravel is a popular open-source PHP framework used to create web applications following the MVC architecture pattern. Laravel microservices architecture introduces a number of facilities and add-ons, such as routing, templates, authentication, queues, etc., which make building scalable programs less complicated.

Here is how microservices in Laravel can be built:

  • Microservices with laravel can be created as an independent Laravel application. This allows deploying and scaling them independently.
  • Laravel's routing, controllers, middleware, validation, authentication, etc., helps quickly build REST APIs for microservices.
  • Laravel's ORM Eloquent can be used to interact with databases in a simple manner.
  • Queues and events in the Laravel microservices framework enable asynchronous communication between microservices.
  • Laravel provides first-class support for testing using PHPUnit. This aids extensive unit and integration testing of laravel microservices.
  • Microservices in Laravel can be containerized using Docker. Laravel provides seamless integration with Docker.

To build Laravel microservices efficiently, you can hire developers from a reputedLaravel development company, Invoidea.

Benefits of Laravel Microservices

Laravel's vast ecosystem, combined with the advantages of microservices architecture, offers numerous benefits for modern application development. Laravel makes it easier to break monolithic applications into independently deployable, modular services. This unlocks many Laravel microservices examples that were not possible in traditional monolithic architectures.

Here are some of the key benefits of building microservices in Laravel:

  • Loose Coupling - Laravel's routing and middleware architecture promotes building loosely coupled services.
  • Easy Scaling - Microservices with Laravel can be independently scaled and deployed.
  • Faster Release Cycles - Bug fixes and new features can be released often for each microservice.
  • Polyglot Support - Different microservices can use different technologies based on requirements.
  • Fault Isolation - Issues with one service have minimal impact on other services.
  • Improved Maintainability - Small codebases are easier to understand and maintain.
  • Better Testability - Laravel provides out-of-the-box tools for writing unit and integration tests.

When to Use Laravel Microservices?

Laravel microservices architecture is ideal for large, complex applications with diverse and rapidly changing business requirements. Here are some scenarios where Laravel microservices should be considered:

  • The application is too monolithic and difficult to maintain or scale
  • Frequent new feature additions are causing increased technical debt.
  • Different application components have conflicting resource or scaling needs.
  • You need to support a polyglot environment with multiple languages/frameworks.
  • The application needs to integrate with other external services and APIs. You can install Laravel in Ubuntu using the terminal by running the composer create-project command.

Scaling Laravel Microservices

Laravel microservices framework provides many great mechanisms to scale your microservices:

  • Horizontal scaling – Run multiple instances of services using Kubernetes.
  • Caching – Cache common queries API results to reduce load.
  • Queues & Workers – Use queues like Redis for asynchronous processing.
  • API Rate Limiting – Limit how many requests a client can send.
  • CDN – Use a content delivery network to cache assets.

Building Microservices with Laravel Lumen

Lumen is a micro-framework by Laravel optimized for building microservices and REST APIs. Here is a step-by-step guide to building microservices using Lumen:

Step 1 - Install Lumen

Use Composer to install Lumen and dependencies:

Step 2 - Configure Environment

In the .env file, configure the database connection, caching, timezone, etc., as per your setup.

Step 3 - Create Migration and Model

Use migration to create a database table. Define a model class to interact with the table.

Step 4 - Setup Routes and Controller

Define routes in routes/web.php and link them to controller methods to handle different API endpoints.

Step 5 - Testing and Deployment

Write test cases using PHPUnit. Deploy the microservice independently using Kubernetes or a similar platform.


In summary, the microservices framework provides many advantages, such as faster development and less difficult deployment and maintenance for modern programs. Laravel is one of the most popular web development frameworks used to build scalable and robust microservices. With careful planning and execution, enterprises can use the Laravel microservices framework to break down complex monolithic structures and enable less difficult service development and delivery.


Aman Koundal

Digital marketer at InvoIdea Technologies Pvt. Ltd.

Aman Koundal is a digital marketing strategist at Invoidea Technologies Pvt Ltd, a leading web development and SEO company in Delhi. He is a perpetual learner and also advises many start-ups and small businesses. With a deep understanding of online marketing and web development, he helps drive more traffic, boost online sales, and enhance customer satisfaction.

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